(93 A.H. - 179 A.H.)
Introduction of FIQAH
Imam A'zam Abu Hanifa, Imam Maalik, Imam Shaafi and Imam Ahmed bin Hambal (radi Allahu anhumul ajma'in)are the leaders of the four schools of Fiqh (Islamic Law).
"FIQH" is the Science of Islamic Law or Jurisprudence. It refers to the collection and compilation of Islamic laws based on the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). These great Muslims devoted themselves to the task of developing the science of understanding Islamic Law and its practise.
Although they differed
from each other, all the four great Imams had great respect for each
other. They were all teachers and pupils of each other for the
common goal of enhancing their knowledge about Islam. All of them
were unanimous on Aqa'ids (Islamic Beliefs). We, as Muslims, must
respect the different Sunni schools of thought.
Imam Maalik (radi Allahu anhu's)
grandfather and uncle were great scholars of Hadith. Imam Maalik
(radi Allahu anhu) learnt Ahadith from his uncle, Sayyiduna Abu
Suhail Nafi (radi Allahu anhu). The Imam was a very keen
scholar from his childhood days.
He also learnt Hadith under Sayyiduna
Nafi, Sayyiduna Jafer Saadiq, Sayyiduna Mohammed bin Yahya Ansaari,
Sayyiduna Abu Haashim Salmah, Sayyiduna Yahya bin Said and Sayyiduna
Hishaam bin Urwah (radi Allahu anhumul ajma'in).
AS A TEACHER
AS A MUHADDITH AND A
As a Jurist, he was not afraid of
giving a "Fatawa" (Legal Islamic Ruling) even if it was
against the Caliph. He was once flogged for doing so.
He never wore shoes whilst in Madinatul Munawwarah. He never sat on a horse or used the toilets in this blessed city. He always went out of the city to relieve himself. He used to kiss the old buildings and the remains of old foundations, saying that Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) may have walked by, touched it or saw it. Such was his adoration for Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).